PRINTS BY JOHN JAMES AUDUBON
WHAT ARE THE ELEPHANT FOLIO AND OCTOVO EDITION?
HOW OTHER ARTISTS VIEWED FLORIDA AND CARIBBEAN WILDLIFE
John James AudubonJohn James Audubon was born in Santo Domingo, present-day Haiti, in 1785. He grew up in France, where his loving stepmother encouraged his interests in drawing and the outdoors. His father sent him to the United States in 1803 to avoid Napoleon’s draft. Over the next 17 years, Audubon unsuccessfully wandered from career to career, and place to place. In 1820 Audubon began his masterpiece, The Birds of America. From then on, he devoted most of his time to painting birds, with the intent of printing as engravings life-size portraits of all the kinds of birds in the United States. Unable to secure financial backing in the United States, Audubon went to Europe in 1826. There he found both subscribers and engravers for the project. The first prints were made that same year. Over the next twelve years, Audubon divided his time between London and America. When abroad, he supervised the engraving and coloring of the prints. In America, he traveled in search of birds to paint. Audubon returned from England in 1831 to draw new birds for the folio. His first expedition was to the east coast of Florida to find water birds and tropical species. George Lehman, a landscape painter, came to do backgrounds for the bird portraits.
CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA
THE FLORIDA KEYS
THE DRY TORTUGAS
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